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Part C – Locations where people sleep

Planning Use Class CPart C of the Use Classes Order 1987 (as amended) are generally locations where people sleep such as houses, hotels, residential institutions etc..  Note that the list on this page might alter from the original order as some subclasses have been removed and others added. This page is correct as of 29th May 2020. Check out our changes of change of use table to see which Class C use classes enjoy permitted development rights.

They are as follows…..

(Also see Part A, Part B, Part D and Sui Generis)

Class C1 – Hotels – Use as a hotel or as a boarding or guest house where, in each case, no significant element of care is provided (not hostels).

Class C2 – Residential institutions – Use for the provision of residential accommodation and care to people in need of care (other than a use within class C3 (dwelling houses)). Use as a hospital or nursing home. Use as a residential school, college or training centre.

Class C2A – Secure residential institutions – Use for the provision of secure residential accommodation, including use as a prison, young offenders institution, detention centre, secure training centre, custody centre, short-term holding centre, secure hospital, secure local authority accommodation or use as military barracks.

Class C3 – Dwellinghouses – Use as a dwellinghouse (whether or not as a sole or main residence) by—
(a) a single person or by people to be regarded as forming a single household;
(b) not more than six residents living together as a single household where care is provided for residents;
or
(c) not more than six residents living together as a single household where no care is provided to residents (other than a use within Class C4).

Interpretation of Class C3
For the purposes of ClassC3(a) “single household” shall be construed in accordance with section 258 of the Housing Act 2004

Class C4 – Houses in multiple occupation – Use of a dwellinghouse by not more than six residents as a “house in multiple occupation”.

Interpretation of Class C4
For the purposes of Class C4 a “house in multiple occupation” does not include a converted block of flats to to which section 257 of the Housing Act 2004 applies but otherwise has the same meaning as in section 254 of the Housing Act 2004.

Check out our changes of change of use table to see which Class C use classes enjoy permitted development rights.

Where a property is in two use classes – then it will be classed as sui generis. The one exception is a building with B1 & B2 use as long as the section allocated to B2 is not substantially increased.

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