Use Class B – businesses which primarily serve people
Use Class B of the Use Classes Order 1987 (as amended) are generally business that serve people either as offices, factories, storage etc.. Note that the list on this page might alter from the original order as some subclasses have been removed and others added. This page is correct as of 28th July 2020. Check out our changes of change of use table to see which Class B use classes enjoy permitted development rights.
Note that from 1st September 2020 Class B1 has been merged into the new use Class E. However for GPDO purposes only we will refer to it as B1(a) until a new GPDO is issued on 31st July 2021.
They are as follows…..
Class B1. – Business (uses which can be carried out in a residential area without detriment to its amenity (can be located in business parks as well))-
a) as an office other than a use within class A2 (financial and professional services),
b) for research and development of products or processes, or
c) for any industrial process
Class B2 – General industrial – Use for the carrying on of an industrial process other than one falling within class B1 above (excluding incineration purposes, chemical treatment, landfill or hazardous waste – see sui generis).
Class B8 – Storage or distribution – Use for storage or as a distribution centre including open air storage.
Check out our changes of change of use table to see which Class B use classes enjoy permitted development rights.
Where a property is in two use classes – then it will be classed as sui generis. The one exception is a building with Class E, sub-paragraph (g) (or B1 prior to September 1st 2020) & B2 use as long as the section allocated to B2 is not substantially increased.