fbpx
   »    GPDO    »    Articles

GPDO Articles

gpdo articles

The General Permitted Development Order (GPDO) is divided into 10 ‘Articles’. Four of these ‘Articles’ are then expanded further. These expanded areas are called ‘Schedules’. These are then in turn split into a number of ‘Parts’. Finally these ‘Parts’ are divided into ‘Classes’ within Schedule 2.

Where we have additional pages and tables to assist you they are included below. Of course they are not part of the various GPDO Articles or Schedules and classes – but are included to make live easier for you. If we can improve this section in any way – please get in touch.

Below is a full list of all articles within the GPDO:-

Articles

1. Citation, commencement and application
2. Interpretation
3. Permitted development
4. Directions restricting permitted development
5. Directions restricting certain minerals permitted development
6. Directions: general
7. Prior approval applications: time periods for decision
7ZA. Prior approval applications: modified procedure in relation to call-in of applications
7A. Review
8. Revocations and saving

Schedule 1 – Article 2(3) to (5): (relates to Article 2)

Part 1 – Article 2(3) land
Part 2 – Article 2(4) land
Part 3 – Article 2(5) land (now defunct)

Schedule 2 – Permitted Development Rights: (relates to Article 3)

Part 1 – development within a curtilage of a dwellinghouse

Class A – Enlargement, improvement or other alteration of a dwellinghouse e.g. Extensions
Class AA – Enlargement of a dwellinghouse by construction of additional storeys
Class B – Additions etc to the roof of a dwellinghouse e.g. Dormers
Class C – Any other alterations to a roof of a dwellinghouse
Class D – Porches
Class E – Buildings etc incidental to the enjoyment of a dwellinghouse e.g. Outbuildings
Class F – Hard surfaces incidental to the enjoyment of a dwellinghouse
Class G – Chimneys, flues etc on a dwellinghouse
Class H – Microwave antenna on a dwellinghouse e.g. Satellite dishes
Paragraph I – Definitions of words and phrases used in Part 1

Part 2 – Minor operations

Class A – Gates, fences, walls etc
Class B – Means of access to a highway e.g. driveways
Class C – Exterior painting
Class D – Electrical outlet for recharging vehicles
Class E – Electrical upstand for recharging vehicles
Class F – Closed circuit television cameras – CCTV

Part 3 – Changes of use

Changes of use via Use Class
Where you can and can’t use the various Classes in this section
Class A – Restaurants or takeaways to shops, professional or financial establishments
Class AA – Drinking establishments with expanded food provision
Class B – Takeaways to restaurants and cafes
Class C – Retail, betting office or pay day loan shop or casino to restaurant or cafe
Class D – Shops to financial and professional
Class E – Financial and professional or betting office or payday loan shop to shops
Class F – Betting offices or pay day loan shops to financial and professional
Class G – Shops, professional, financial, betting offices or payday loan shops to mixed use
Class H – mixed use to retail
Class I – Industrial and general business conversions
Class J – Retail or betting office or pay day loan shop to assembly and leisure
Class JA – Retail, takeaway, betting office, payday loan shop, and launderette uses to Offices
Class K – Casinos to assembly and leisure
Class L – Small HMOs to dwellinghouses and vice versa
Class M – Retail and specified sui generis uses to residential
Class N – Amusement arcades or casinos to residential
Class O – Offices to residential
Class P – Storage or distribution centre to residential (now defunct)
Class PA – Premises in light industrial use to residential
Class Q – Agricultural building to residential
Class R – Agricultural buildings to a flexible commercial use
Class S – Agricultural buildings to state-funded school or registered nursery
Class T – Business, hotels etc. to state-funded school or registered nursery
Class U – Return to previous use from state-funded school or registered nursery
Class V – Changes of use permitted under a permission granted on an application
Paragraph W – Procedure for applications for Prior Approval under Part 3
Paragraph X – Definitions of words and phrases used in Part 3

Part 4 – Temporary building and uses

Class A – Temporary buildings and structures
Class B – Temporary use of land
Class BA – Additional temporary use of land during the relevant period
Class C – Use as a state-funded school for 2 academic years
Class CA – Provision of a temporary state-funded school on previously vacant commercial land
Class D – Shops, financial, cafes, takeaways etc. to a temporary flexible use
Class DA – Restaurants and cafes, drinking establishments with expanded food provision to temporarily provide takeaway food
Class E – Temporary use of buildings or land for film-making purposes
Paragraph F – Definitions of words and phrases used in Part 4

Part 5 – Caravan sites and recreational campsites

Class A – Use of land as caravan site
Class B – Development on caravan site required by conditions
Class C – Use of land by members of certain recreational organisations

Part 6 – Agricultural and forestry

Class A – Agricultural development on units of 5 hectares or more
Class B – Agricultural development on units of less than 5 hectares
Class C – Mineral working for agricultural purposes
Class E – Forestry developments

Part 7 – Non-domestic extensions, alterations etc

Class A – Extensions etc of shops or financial or professional premises
Class B – Construction of shop trolley stores
Class C – Click and collect facilities
Class D – Modification of shop loading bays
Class E – Hard surfaces for shops, catering or financial or professional premises
Class F – Extensions etc of office buildings
Class G – Hard surfaces for office buildings
Class H – Extensions etc of industrial and warehouse
Class I – Developments relating to an industrial process
Class J – Hard surfaces for industrial and warehouse premises
Class K – Waste deposits from an industrial process
Class L – Development at waste management facilities
Class M – Extensions etc for schools, colleges, universities and hospitals
Class N – Hard surfaces for schools, colleges, universities or hospitals
Paragraph O – Interpretation of Part 7

Part 8 – Transport related development

Class A – Railway or light railway undertakings
Class B – Dock, pier, harbour, water transport, canal or inland navigation undertakings
Class C – Works to inland waterways
Class D – Dredging by transport undertakings
Class E – Development for the aid of shipping
Class F – Development at an airport
Class G – Air traffic services development at an airport
Class H – Air traffic services development near an airport
Class I – Development by an air traffic services licence holder within an airport
Class J – Development by an air traffic services licence holder on operational land
Class K – Development by an air traffic services licence holder in an emergency
Class L – Development by an air traffic services licence holder involving moveable structures
Class M – Development by the Civil Aviation Authority for surveys etc.
Class N – Use of airport buildings managed by relevant airport operators
Paragraph O – Definitions of words and phrases used in Part 8

Part 9 – Development relating to roads

Class A – Development by highways authorities
Class B – Development by the Secretary of State or a strategic highways company under the Highways Act 1980
Class C – Tramway or road transport undertakings
Class D – Toll road facilities
Class E – Repairs to unadopted streets and private ways

Part 10 – Repairs to services

Class A

Part 11 – Heritage and demolition

Class A – Development by Historic England
Class B – Demolition of buildings
Class C – Demolition of gates, fences, walls etc

Part 12 – Development by local authorities

Class A
Class B
Class BA – Holding of a market by or on behalf of a local authority
Paragraph C – Definitions of words and phrases used in Part 12

Part 12A – Development by Local Authorities and Health Service Bodies

Class A – Emergency development by a local authority or health service body

Part 13 – Water and sewerage

Class A – Water or hydraulic power undertakings
Class B – Development by or on behalf of sewerage undertakers
Class C – Development by drainage bodies
Class D – Development by the Environment Agency

Part 14 – Renewable energy

Class A – Installation or alteration etc of solar equipment on domestic premises
Class B – Installation or alteration etc of stand-alone solar equipment on domestic premises
Class C – Installation or alteration etc of ground source heat pumps on domestic premises
Class D – Installation or alteration etc of water source heat pumps on domestic premises
Class E – Installation or alteration etc of flue for biomass heating system on domestic premises
Class F – Installation or alteration etc of flue for combined heat and power on domestic premises
Class G – Installation or alteration etc of air source heat pumps on domestic premises
Class H – Installation or alteration etc of wind turbine on domestic premises
Class I – Installation or alteration etc of stand-alone wind turbine on domestic premises
Class J – Installation or alteration etc of solar equipment on non-domestic premises
Class K – Installation or alteration etc of stand-alone solar equipment on non-domestic premises
Class L – Installation or alteration etc of ground source heat pump on non-domestic premises
Class M – Installation or alteration etc of water source heat pump on non-domestic premises
Class N – Installation etc of flue for biomass heating system on non-domestic premises
Class O – Installation etc of flue for combined heat and power on non-domestic premises
Paragraph P – Definitions of words and phrases used in Part 14

Part 15 – Power related development

Class A – Gas transporters
Class B – Electricity undertakings

Part 16 – Communications

Class A – Electronic communications code operators
Class B – Other electronic communications development
Class C – Other electronic communications development: microwave antenna
Class D – Driver information systems
Class E – Universal postal service providers

Part 17 – Mining and mineral exploration

Class A – Extensions, alterations etc ancillary to mining operations
Class B – Other developments ancillary to mining operations
Class C – Developments for maintenance or safety
Class D – Coal mining development by the Coal Authority and licensed operators
Class E – Coal mining development by a licensee of the British Coal Corporation
Class F – Coal-mining development on an authorised site
Class G – Coal-mining development by the Coal Authority etc for maintenance or safety
Class H – Waste tipping at a mine
Class I – Waste tipping from a mine on sites used since 1948
Class J – Temporary use of land etc for mineral exploration
Class JA – Temporary use of land etc in respect of petroleum exploration
Class K – Use of land etc for mineral exploration
Class KA – Use of land etc in respect of petroleum exploration
Class L – Removal of material from a stockpile
Class M – Removal of material from mineral-working deposit
Paragraph N – Definitions of words and phrases used in Part 17

Part 18 – Miscellaneous development

Class A – Development under local or private Acts or Order
Class B – Development at amusement parks

Part 19 – Development by the Crown or for national security purposes

Class A – General development by the Crown
Class B – Extension or alteration of an operational Crown building
Class C – Developments on operational Crown land
Class D – Hard surfaces for operational Crown buildings
Class E – Development on operational Crown land relating to an airbase
Class F – Development on operational land within an airbase
Class G – Development on operational land outside an airbase
Class H – Development on operational land by the Crown connected with air traffic services
Class I – Emergency use of land by the Crown connected with air traffic services
Class J – Use of land etc by the Crown connected with air traffic services
Class K – Use of land by the Crown in relation to surveys etc
Class L – Use of buildings by the Crown on an airbase connected to air transport services etc
Class M – Development by the Crown on operational Crown land connected to rail
Class N – Development by the Crown on operational Crown land connected to shipping etc
Class O – Use of land by the Crown for spreading of dredged material
Class P – Development by the Crown on operational Crown land etc relating to aids to shipping
Class Q – Development by the Crown relating to an emergency
Class R – Erection etc of gates, fences etc by the Crown for national security purposes
Class S – Closed circuit television cameras for national security purposes
Class T – Electronic communication apparatus etc for national security purposes
Paragraph U – Definitions of words and phrases used in Part 19

Part 20 – Construction of new dwellinghouses

Table of airspace opportunities per property type
Class ZA – Demolition of buildings and construction of new flats or a house in their place
Class A – New flats on detached block of flats
Class AA – New flats on detached buildings in commercial or mixed use
Class AB – New flats on terrace buildings in commercial or mixed use
Class AC – New flats on terrace buildings in use as houses
Class AD – New flats on detached buildings in use as houses
Paragraph B – Procedure for applications for Prior Approval under Part 20
Paragraph C – Definitions of words and phrases used in Part 20

Schedule 3 – Procedures for Article 4 directions (relates to Article 4)

Schedule 4 – Statutory Instruments revoked in so far as they apply to England (relates to Article 8)

 

 

Last updated 15th August 2020

Have you joined our Facebook Community yet? 

 

After many requests, we now offer a site appraisal service for just £449.
This appraisal will be from a developer's viewpoint letting you know the best options that you might have with your site or building of interest. No point in spending a large amount on professional fees if the deal has large potential issues from a planning aspect.
Or maybe we can find new angles that will increase your GDV and potential profit/income! Click here to start the process.

 

Pin It on Pinterest

Share This

Share this post with your friends!