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Use class of buildings in EnglandUse Class within England

All buildings fall under a Use Class as defined in the The Town and Country Planning (Use ClassesOrder 1987 (as amended). However there is not a list of use classes within this country. Please do not reply upon apps to tell you either, as these are woefully out of date. Please note that the link above will show the use classes when they were introduced in 1987 and not how they are now.

This section can now be found under the domain of useclass.co.uk

On 21st July 2020 the Government published
The Town and Country Planning (Use Classes) (Amendment) (England) Regulations 2020, which came into force on 1st September 2020. Part A was removed, part of Part B and the whole Part D was removed. We have added Class E, Class F1 and Class F2. There will be, though, a transitional period that lasts until 31 July 2021. During that transitional period, the changes to the Use Classes Order will not be applied to the General Permitted Development Order. In other words, the GPDO will operate until the end of next July as if the Use Classes Order had not been modified. You may therefore until the 31st July 2021 use whichever option you like to secure your change of use – the GPDO or the new use classes. Some uses have been moved to Sui Generis.

To help explain the changes we also have a comprehensive page explaining it all and a table with all the various use Classes in it.


These are divided into eight sections, although two of them are only still here thanks to the GPDO. These are businesses which primarily serve people, businesses which supply or support others, locations where people sleep, locations where they don’t, commercial, business and Service, learning and non-residential institutions, local community uses and a category for those locations which are unique in themselves.

Now that that is clear!  We will list out each section in turn with as many examples as possible to avoid confusion.

Click on the respective parts to see locations contained within them……

Class A – Locations that serve people (now for GPDO purposes only until 31st July 2021).
Class B – Business that supply people (B1 is now under use Class E).
Class C – Locations where people sleep.
Class D – Locations where they don’t (now for GPDO purposes only until 31st July 2021).
Class E – Commercial, Business and Service.
Class F1 – Learning and non-residential institutions.
Class F2 – Local community uses.
Sui Generis – everything else!

Summary of new and old use classes

Where a property is in two use classes – then it will be classed as sui generis. The one exception is a building with Class E, sub-paragraph (g) (or B1 prior to September 1st 2020) & B2 use as long as the section allocated to B2 is not substantially increased.



Page Updated:  3rd November 2020

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