The General Permitted Development Order 2015 (as amended)


The GPDO allows for exciting potential

Before we ask what the general permitted development order is we need to work out what is development. Development is defined by those elements set out in section 55 of the Town & Country Planning Act 1990. This includes

  • building operations (eg structural alterations, construction, rebuilding, most demolition);
  • material changes of use of land and buildings;
  • subdivision of a building (including any part it) used as a dwellinghouse for use as 2 or more separate dwellinghouses

The categories of work that do not amount to ‘development’ are set out in section 55(2) of the Town and Country Planning Act 1990. As a general rule, this also applies to flats as well as houses.These include, but are not limited to the following:

  • interior alterations (except mezzanine floors which increase the floorspace of retail premises by more than 200 square metres)
  • building operations which do not materially affect the external appearance of a building. The term ‘materially affect’ has no statutory definition, but is linked to the significance of the change which is made to a building’s external appearance.
  • a change in the primary use of land or buildings, where the before and after use falls within the same use class. For example changing from a post office to a hairdressers as these both fall under use class A1

If the work planned requires planning permission this can be obtained in a few ways including submitting an application to the planning department of the local authority or by means of the general permitted development order or GPDO for short. This was last fully revised in 2015 but there have been a few amendments since then in 2016, 2017 and the latest in 2018. It is important not to rely solely upon the 2015 version as there have been several changes. We will aim to keep all articles on this website up to date.

The GPDO gives permission to carry out certain items such as extensions, rear dormers, erect fences, porches, external gyms, satellite dishes etc. There are many items both large and small that can simply be built under the GPDO subject to certain restrictions, build regs etc. Other items within the GPDO require prior approval. This involves submitting a request to the local authority. They can only assess the application on items such as flood risk, noise, contamination depending upon the works to be carried out. This prior approval takes 28 or 56 days depending upon the request. Note permitted development rights do not apply to flats.

You can find a link to the latest GPDO on our links page.

On our website you can find articles relating to various elements of the GPDO. The GPDO is divided up into four schedules. Schedules 1 and 2 are then sub-divided up into various parts, and then further divided into Classes This is not to be confused with the various Use Classes. Anything that is linked below will take you to our full articles. This is mirrored in the main drop down menu above where we have full articles.

Schedule 1 – Part 1 – Article 2(3) land
Schedule 1 – Part 2 – Article 2(4) land
Schedule 1 – Part 3 – Article 2(5) land

Schedule 2 – Part 1 – development within a curtilage of a dwellinghouse
Class A – Extensions
Class B – Dormers
Class C – Other alterations to a roof
Class D – Porches
Class E – Outbuildings
Class F – Hard surfaces
Class G – Chimneys and flues
Class H – Satellite dishes

Schedule 2 – Part 2 – Minor operations
Gates, fences, walls; driveways; exterior painting; power for electric vehicles; charging upstands; CCTV

Schedule 2 – Part 3 – Changes of use
Class A – Restaurants or takeaways to shops, professional or financial establishments
Class AA – Drinking establishments with expanded food provision
Class B – Takeaways to restaurants and cafes
Class C – Retail, betting office or pay day loan shop or casino to restaurant or cafe
Class D – Shops to financial and professional
Class E – Financial and professional or betting office or payday loan shop to shops
Class F – Betting offices or pay day loan shops to financial and professional
Class G – Shops, professional, financial, betting offices or payday loan shops to mixed use
Class H – mixed use to retail
Class I – Industrial and general business conversions
Class J – Retail or betting office or pay day loan shop to assembly and leisure
Class JA – Retail, takeaway, betting office, payday loan shop, and launderette uses to Offices
Class K – Casinos to assembly and leisure
Class L – Small HMOs to dwellinghouses and vice versa
Class M – Retail and specified sui generis uses to residential
Class N – Amusement arcades or casinos to residential
Class O – Offices to residential
Class P – Storage or distribution centre to residential
Class PA – Premises in light industrial use to residential
Class Q – Agricultural building to residential
Class R – Agricultural buildings to a flexible commercial use
Class S – Agricultural buildings to state-funded school or registered nursery
Class T – Business, hotels etc. to state-funded school or registered nursery
Class U – Return to previous use from state-funded school or registered nursery
Class V – Changes of use permitted under a permission granted on an appllication

Schedule 2 – Part 4 – Temporary building and uses
Schedule 2 – Part 5 – Caravan sites and recreational campsites
Schedule 2 – Part 6 – Agricultural and forestry
Schedule 2 – Part 7 – Non-domestic extensions, alterations etc
Schedule 2 – Part 8 – Transport related development
Schedule 2 – Part 9 – Development relating to roads
Schedule 2 – Part 10 – Repairs to services
Schedule 2 – Part 11 – Heritage and demolition
Schedule 2 – Part 12 – Development by local authorities
Schedule 2 – Part 13 – Water and sewerage
Schedule 2 – Part 14 – Renewable energy
Schedule 2 – Part 15 – Power related development
Schedule 2 – Part 16 – Communications
Schedule 2 – Part 17 – Mining and mineral exploration
Schedule 2 – Part 18 – Miscellaneous development
Schedule 2 – Part 19 – Development by the Crown or for national security purposes

Schedule 3 – Procedures for Article 4 directions

Schedule 4 – Statutory Instruments revoked in so far as they apply to England

Further articles are being written and will be added.


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