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   »    GPDO    »    Changes of use    »    Class G - Shops or Financial

Class G – Shops or Financial establishments to Mixed Use

Class G - Shops to two flats aboveClass G is a useful permitted development right for as long as you meet a few minor conditions you can do this anywhere within England. This works well for shops (A1), Financial or professional establishments (A2), betting office or pay day loan shop which are both Sui Generis.

Note that from September 1st 2020 shops and financial locations in England will come under the new Use Class E –  this allows for the free change of any of the uses within it. Class G of the GPDO will still apply as long as it is a shop or a financial when you convert the ancillary part above into up to 2 flats. Class G is not date stamped. In effect until 21st July 2021 you can consider shops as A1 and financial locations as A2 for the purposes of the GPDO.

 

What does “Mixed Use” mean?

 

Quite simply it means that you can have up to two flats above shops under permitted development. There is no application form to complete, you can simply do this today, subject of course to building regs. You must have the flats above the commercial element and you can’t convert part of the ground floor into a flat.

That’s about it on Class G – nothing too complicated and you can just go ahead. It is not restricted in any location such as conservation areas, national parks, listed buildings etc. Although for a listed building you will require listed building consent. The only requirement is that the area above should be connected to the commercial unit below in some way or in other words ancillary. For example it might be part of the shop, or it might be living quarters, or it could be storage. Yes, using Class G it is possible to take a shop with a flat and convert that flat into two flats. It is always wise to take photographic evidence when doing a conversion such as this. Might come in useful if you need to prove what the area was prior to conversion.

You might wish to consider a lawful development certificate after or before the conversion.

If the shop is large enough why not consider splitting the shop. Once you have split the building down the middle or into more segments from top to bottom you can create up to two flats above each of the shops. How good is that?

If the shop has been in existence since 20th March 2013 you might be able to combine Class G with Class M. You should also be able to combine it with Class L.

Check out other permitted development options on our changes of use page.

 

Legislation

Class G – retail or betting office or pay day loan shop to mixed use

Permitted development

G. Development consisting of a change of use of a building—
       (a) from a use for any purpose within Class A1 (shops) of the Schedule to the Use Classes Order, to a mixed use for any purpose within Class A1 (shops) of that Schedule and as up to 2 flats;
       (b) from a use for any purpose within Class A1 (shops) of the Schedule to the Use Classes Order, to a mixed use for any purpose within Class A2 (financial and professional services) of that Schedule and as up to 2 flats;
       (c) from a use—
              (i) for any purpose within Class A2 (financial and professional services) of the Schedule to the Use Classes Order, or
              (ii) as a betting office or a pay day loan shop, to a mixed use for any purpose within Class A2 (financial and professional services) of that Schedule and as up to 2 flats;
       (d) where that building has a display window at ground floor level, from a use—
              (i) for any purpose within Class A2 (financial and professional services) of the Schedule to the Use Classes Order, or
              (ii) as a betting office or a pay day loan shop, to a mixed use for any purpose within Class A1 (shops) of the Schedule to the Use Classes Order and as up to 2 flats;
       (e) from a use as a betting office or a pay day loan shop to a mixed use as a betting office or a pay day loan shop and as up to 2 flats.

Conditions

G.1 Development permitted by Class G is subject to the following conditions—
(a) some or all of the parts of the building used as a betting office or pay day loan shop or for any purposes within Class A1 or Class A2, as the case may be, of the Schedule to the Use Classes Order is situated on a floor below the lowest part of the building used as a flat;
(b) where the development consists of a change of use of any building with a display window at ground floor level, the ground floor must not be used in whole or in part as a flat;
(c) a flat must not be used otherwise than as a dwelling (whether or not as a sole or main residence)—
(i) by a single person or by people living together as a family, or
(ii) by not more than 6 residents living together as a single household (including a household where care is provided for residents).

Interpretation of Class G

G.2 For the purposes of Class G, “care” means personal care for people in need of such care by reason of old age, disablement, past or present dependence on alcohol or drugs or past or present mental disorder.

 

Page updated: 21st August 2020

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