What is a conservation area?
Local authorities have the power (under Section 69 of the Planning [Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas] Act 1990) to designate as conservation areas any locality of special architectural or historic interest. This means the planning authority has extra powers to control works and demolition of buildings to protect or improve the character or appearance of the area.
These restrictions include permitted development rights. Some prior approval elements still exist in conservation areas. See here. Notice of works on a tree in a Conservation Area must be given six weeks in advance.This legal requirement applies to all trees with a stem diameter of at least 75mm, measured at 1.5m above the ground. See more under TPO.
How are conservation areas chosen for designation?
Conservation areas are usually chosen as places of special architectural or historic interest, the character or appearance of which should be preserved or enhanced.
The special character of these areas is not just made up of buildings; it is also defined by other features which contribute to particular views and the familiar local scene:
- the way roads, paths and boundaries are laid out
- characteristic building and paving materials
- the way buildings are used
- public and private spaces, such as gardens, parks and greens
- trees and street furniture
Conservation areas give protection across a broader area of land than listing individual buildings and all features within the area, listed or otherwise, may be recognised as part of its character.
Conservation area consent does not apply to listed buildings or the demolition of an ecclesiastical building in ecclesiastical use, for example a church; the demolition of a scheduled monument; and the demolition of any building in other certain categories.
The demolition of an unlisted building in a conservation area, without the consent of the local planning authority is a criminal offence.
Is my property in a Conservation Area?
You will need to contact your local authority to establish this. Some will have online maps to enable you to look up the conservation area. Others simply have a list of areas or parishes.
Permitted development in Conservation Areas?
Some changes of use are allowed in conservation areas. These include:
Class A – Restaurant or Takeaway to Shop, Financial or Professional;
Class AA – drinking establishments with expanded food provision;
Class B – takeaways to restaurants and cafes;
Class C – retail, betting office or pay day loan shop or casino to restaurant or cafe;
Class D – shops to financial and professional;
Class E – financial and professional or betting office or pay day loan shop to shops;
Class F – betting offices or pay day loan shops to financial and professional;
Class G – Shops or Financial establishments to Mixed Use;
Class H – mixed use to retail;
Class I – industrial and general business conversions;
Class J – retail or betting office or pay day loan shop to assembly and leisure;
Class K – casinos to assembly and leisure;
Class L – small HMOs to dwellinghouses and vice versa;
Class N – amusement arcades or casinos to residential;
Class O – Offices to Residential Conversion;
Class P – storage or distribution centre to residential;
Class PA – premises in light industrial use to residential;
Class R – agriculture building conversion to flexible commercial use;
Class S – agricultural buildings to state-funded school or registered nursery;
Class T – business, hotels etc to state-funded schools or registered nursery;
Class U – return to previous use from converted state-funded school or registered nursery;
Class V – changes of use permitted under a permission granted on an application
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