Use Class E – Commercial, Business and Service
Use Class E of the Use Classes Order 1987 (as amended) was introduced on 1st September 2020 and covers the former use classes of A1 (shops), A2 (financial and professional), A3 (restaurants and cafes) as well as parts of D1 (non-residential institutions) and D2 (assembly and leisure) and puts them all into one new use class. Note that the list on this page might alter from the original order as some subclasses have been removed and others added. This page is correct as of 28th July 2020. Check out our changes of change of use table to see which Class E use classes enjoy permitted development rights – note that until 31st July 2021 the GPDO will act as if the original use classes existed.
They are as follows…..
Use Class E – Commercial, Business and Service –
Use, or part use, for all or any of the following purposes—
a) for the display or retail sale of goods, other than hot food, principally to visiting members of the public, (shops – formally use class A1)
b) for the sale of food and drink principally to visiting members of the public where consumption of that food and drink is mostly undertaken on the premises, (cafes and restaurants – formally use class A3)
c) for the provision of the following kinds of services principally to visiting members of the public—
(i) financial services, (banks and building societies – formally use class A2)
(ii) professional services (other than health or medical services), or (estate and employment agencies etc. – formally use class A2)
(iii) any other services which it is appropriate to provide in a commercial, business or service locality,
d) for indoor sport, recreation or fitness, not involving motorised vehicles or firearms, principally to visiting members of the public,
e) for the provision of medical or health services, principally to visiting members of the public, except the use of premises attached to the residence of the consultant or practitioner, (Doctors, clinics & health centres, acupuncture clinic etc. (must be medical or health related)) (but not beauticians, nail bars, massage parlours etc. see sui generis – formally use class D1(a)) ,
f) for a creche, day nursery or day centre, not including a residential use, principally to visiting members of the public,
(i) an office to carry out any operational or administrative functions, (Offices – formally use class B1(a))
(ii) the research and development of products or processes, or (formally use class B1(b))
(iii) any industrial process, being a use, which can be carried out in any residential area without detriment to the amenity of that area by reason of noise, vibration, smell, fumes, smoke, soot, ash, dust or grit. (Light Industrial – formally use class B1(c))
Check out our changes of change of use table to see which Use Class E use classes enjoy permitted development rights.
Where a property is in two use classes – then it will be classed as sui generis. The one exception is a building with Class E, sub-paragraph (g) (or B1 prior to September 1st 2020) & B2 use as long as the section allocated to B2 is not substantially increased.