Class P – storage or distribution centre to residential

Class P - storage or distribution to residential

Class P has now finished

Class P for the conversion of storage or distribution centres has always been date stamped in two ways. Firstly it must have been in use as a storage or distribution centre on or before 19th March 2014 and with the latest 2018 update to the GPDO you must apply for the prior approval and get it confirmed before 10th June 2019. Realistically this means you must apply for the approval by Monday 15th April and even this might be a bit tight as that is exactly 56 days.

I guess there are restrictions? What are they?

If you have read any other use class change, you will be aware that there are usually restrictions as to what you can and more importantly can’t do. With Class P you are limited to a floor space of 500 square metres. This is not the area converted, rather the floor space of the building. It might be possible to partially demolish to reduce the building size before you apply.

You cannot convert via Class P if the building is within an AONB, SPA, the Broads, National Park, World Heritage Site, SSSI, safety hazard zone, military explosives storage area or a scheduled monument. You might occasionally find one in a listed building, and if you do then sadly that is also out. You should also avoid industrial parks for conversion. Check out our glossary if you are not sure on any of these acronyms.

When you apply for the prior approval under Class P the local authority will consider the application against air quality, highways, flood risk, contamination and noise.

As with other permitted development changes there is no requirement to follow national space standards, unless you plan to convert later to an HMO, which has minimum room sizes. You can also divide it into more than one dwelling, but bear in mind that the minimum accepted size for mortgage purposes is generally 30 square metres, although one or two are known to go lower


Check out other permitted development options on our changes of use page.


Page updated: 27th February 2022