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Part A – businesses which primarily serve people

Planning Use Class APart A of the Use Classes Order 1987 (as amended) are generally business that serve people either as shops, restaurants, banks, pubs or takeaways.  Note that the list on this page might alter from the original order as some subclasses have been removed and others added. This page is correct as of 29th May 2020. Check out our changes of change of use table to see which Class A use classes enjoy permitted development rights.

They are as follows…..

(Also see Part B, Part C, Part D and Sui Generis)

Class A1 – Shops and Retail Units
Use for all or any of the following purposes-
a) for the retail sale of goods other than hot food,
b) as a post office,
c) for the sale of tickets or as a travel agency,
d) for the sale of sandwiches or other cold food for consumption off the premises,
e) for hairdressing,
f) for the direction of funerals,
g) for the display of goods for sale,
h) for the hiring out of domestic or personal goods or articles,
i) for the washing or cleaning of clothes or fabrics on the premises,
j) for the reception of goods to be washed, cleaned or repaired,
k) as an internet café; where the primary purpose of the premises is to provide facilities for enabling members of the public to access the internet
where the sale, display or service is to visiting members of the public.

Class A2 – Financial and professional services – 
use for the provision of –
a) financial services, or
b) professional services (other than health or medical services), or
c) any other services which it is appropriate to provide in a shopping area,
where the services are provided principally to visiting members of the public.

Class A3 – Restaurants and cafes – Use for the sale of food and drink for consumption on the premises. (Can be a ‘pub’ that sells food and drink)

Class A4 – Drinking establishments – Use as a public house, wine-bar or other drinking establishment (where no food or very little is served).

Class A5 – Hot food takeaways – Use for the sale of hot food for consumption off the premises.

Check out our changes of change of use table to see which Class A use classes enjoy permitted development rights.

Where a property is in two use classes – then it will be classed as sui generis. The one exception is a building with B1 & B2 use as long as the section allocated to B2 is not substantially increased.

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