fbpx
Planning Geek

Property on Fire

Table of changes via Use Class

Changes via use classThe GPDO allows for various changes from one use class to another.

Use the table below to see where one use class can be converted to another use class. Where we have articles on the different classes within the GPDO, you will find the links below.

The table below of permanent changes in Schedule Part 3  and simplifies the complex legislation, it should be read as a guide only, and in conjunction with the additional comments and restrictions below. Where we have articles on this Planning Geek website we have added direct links. P3/Class… refers to the various sections within the GPDO – see this page for all those sections. In addition to the permanent permissions below, there are a number of temporary changes in Schedule 2 Part 4 these are covered here.

You can use our table of GPGO changes to quickly see where the various changes are allowed and where they are not.

 

From To

B2 (general industrial)

  • carrying on of an industrial process other than one falling within class E

B8 (storage and distribution)

  • storage or distribution centre
  • None

C1 (hotels)

  • hotel or boarding or guest house where no significant element of care is provided
  • State funded school subject to prior approval – P3/Class T

C2 (Residential institutions)

  • provision of residential accommodation and care to people in need of care other than a use within Class C3
  • State funded school  subject to prior approval – P3/Class T

C2(a) (Secure Residential institutions)

  • provision of secure residential accommodation
  • State funded school subject to prior approval – P3/Class T

C3 (dwellinghouses)

  • a dwellinghouse used (whether or not as a sole or main residence) by:
  • (a) a single person or by people in a single household
  • not more than six residents living together as a single household where care is provided for residents
  • not more than six residents living together as a single household where no care is provided to residents other than a use within Class C4

C4 (houses in multiple occupation)

  • a dwellinghouse used by not more than six residents as an HMO

E (Commercial, Business & Service)

  • shops
  • cafes / restaurants
  • banks
  • estate agents
  • gyms
  • GPs
  • creches
  • offices
  • research & development
  • light industrial
  • etc.

F1 (Learning & non-residential institutions)

  • schools, galleries, museums, libraries, public halls, churches etc.
  • None

F2 (Local community uses)

  • local shops, local halls, outdoor sport, swimming pools etc.
  • None
Sui Generis (casino)
Sui Generis (betting office)
Sui Generis (pay day loan shop)
Sui Generis (hot food takeaway)
Sui Generis (agricultural buildings)
Sui Generis (amusement arcade or centre)
Sui Generis (launderette)

 

Sui Generis (pubs, wine bars etc.)
Sui Generis (pubs, wine bars etc. with expanded food provision)

 

For temporary changes of use – see this section.

Other restrictions

The table provides a summary for the most common changes of use that apply in most circumstances, but there may also be further restrictions that do not allow you to implement the change of use. For example, if the property is within a Conservation Area, National Park, or Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty, or if the building is a Listed Building or Scheduled Monument, within a site of special scientific interest, safety hazard area, or military explosives area.

Local planning authorities can also remove permitted development rights in certain areas, meaning that you will require planning permission, so you should always check with your local council before you consider undertaking any works.

Some changes of use are also permitted, either only on a temporary basis, and/or subject to additional restrictions.

Prior approval 

Some changes of use are subject to a prior approval procedure with the local planning authority. This seeks approval of various matters, dependent on the nature of the use, but might typically include matters relating to parking and highways, flooding, and contaminated land. In the case of A3 uses, prior approval is required in respect of matters relating to noise, odour, waste collection, impact of the hours of opening, transport and highways impact, impact on existing shopping provision, the design of any external changes and a statement specifying the net increase in dwellinghouses proposed by the development.

All prior approval applications require a fee to be paid to the local planning authority. Currently £96 or £206. See fees.

Mixed use 

Where a development comprises a “mixed use” in the retail uses classes and betting office / pay day loans shop category with one or two flats above, then there are also some permitted development rights for changes of use of that mixed use, similar to the presiding use identified in the table above. See Class M rights.

Where a property is in two use classes – then it will be classed as sui generis. The one exception is a building with B1 & B2 use as long as the section allocated to B2 is not substantially increased.

Agricultural buildings 

Agricultural buildings are permitted to change to C3 use (dwellinghouses), together with some building operations necessary to facilitate the conversion. This is subject to meeting certain criteria, allows a maximum of 5 units to be created (including any previously created under Class Q). No dwellings may be created larger than 465 sqm at all. Dwellings between 100-465 sqm are deemed “larger dwellinghouses” and you can create no more than 3 of these on each agricultural unit and the cumulative floorspace changing to such larger dwellings cannot exceed 465 sqm. Smaller dwellings under 100 sqm are only restricted by the upper limit of 5 units. See full article.

It is also subject to Prior Approval being sought in respect of transport and highways impacts, noise impact, contamination risks, flooding risks, whether the building is suitable for a residential use, and the design or external appearance of the building.

Agricultural buildings under 500m2 are permitted to change to a flexible commercial use, comprising A1, A2, A3, B1, B8, C1 or D2 uses. This is subject to meeting certain criteria, and Prior Approval being sought in relation to uses over 150m2 in respect of transport and highways impacts, noise impact, contamination risks and flooding risks. See full article.

Agricultural buildings within land under 500m2 are permitted to change to a state funded school or a registered nursery. This is subject to meeting certain criteria, and Prior Approval being sought in respect of transport and highways impacts, noise impact, contamination risks, flooding risks and whether the building is suitable for the proposed use.

State funded schools

Buildings and land within B1, C1, C2 and C2A  uses are permitted to change to a state funded school. This is subject to meeting certain criteria, and Prior Approval being sought in respect of transport and highways impacts, noise impact, and contamination risks.

 

Changes of use requiring a planning application

 

Other than for the permitted changes of use listed above and changes where both uses fall within the same ‘use class’, planning permission is generally required for a material change of use.

Most external building work associated with a change of use is also likely to require planning permission, although the The Town and Country Planning (General Permitted Development) (England) Order 2015 does also allow some minor external changes.

 

 

Page updated: 27th February 2022

Have you joined our Facebook Community yet? 

 

Do you need help with a property? Unsure what to do next? 

 

Book a 30 minute or hour Zoom session with Ian - The Planning Geek to discuss the opportunity that is before you.  Click here to book a time that is convenient for your diary. You could be talking to Ian today! 

Starts at just £147

'Full of content'
- Mark from Enfield

'Well worth the small cost - saved me hundreds in the long run, going down the wrong hole!'
- Louise from Clapham
'

Wow! Ian really is a Geek when it comes to property - so glad we booked an hour'
- Paul & Jo from Newcastle

 

 

 

Pin It on Pinterest

Share This

Share this post with your friends!